- Ferrets lack a cecum to digest/ process fuits and vegetables.
- A ferrets left lung has 2 lobes, while the right has 4.
- A ferrets body contains 14 or 15 pairs of ribs.
- A kit has 30 baby teeth, while an adult has 34.
- Food fully travels throughout their system in 3 hours.
Understanding Adverse Vaccine Reactions
When a vaccine reaction occurs, out first
reaction is usually one that we relate directly to the
drug itself or the manufacturer. One part of the puzzle
is an over exposure to that specific allergen which causes
the body to work overtime to fight. Each manufacturer provides
for the safe frequency of the vaccine, but like humans,
there are always individual differences. You can check
titer levels, but the results are not accurate enough to
make informed decisions as of yet. The other part of the
puzzle is that it could be a bad batch.
While a vaccine is approved to be given annually,
there is a chance that there is still enough of the allergen
in the body providing protection, thus the additional vaccine
in a sense is an overdose, sending the body into turmoil.
With no way of truly knowing the levels before hand, it
is a chance we must take. If a severe reaction does occur,
future consideration of vaccinating with the same drug
should be strongly considered and discussed with your veterinarian.
Usually the severity of the reaction and the option of
alternatives will be the deciding factor. Vaccine reaction
rates are calculated as follows: If
you have 4 ferrets that are 4 years old that is 16 vaccines
(4 for each ferret). During their first year they each
received their booster shots (3 each) so that's another
12 vaccines for a total of 28. If 1 ferret has a reaction,
the rate is 3.57%.
will generally begin with your ferret gagging, have difficulty
breathing, and their tongue and skin could turn blue.
They can also throw up, experience loss of bowel movement,
pass blood in their urine and feces, go totally limp
and unfortunately lapse into a coma and die. All of these
signs and symptoms can occur within minutes and even
seconds, and your veterinarian will need to administer
emergency care immediately, which is why it is vital
to remain at the vets office and keep a close eye on
them. Your veterinarian will generally very quickly administer
injectable benedryl, epinephrine (which literally will
jump start their heart/body) and supply them with oxygen.
This procedure will generally repeat until your ferret
begins responding and stabilizes. Once your ferret is
stabilized and released to go home, it is equally important
to keep a very close eye on the ferret to ensure there
are no repeat episodes and don't slip into a coma. They
will be very lethargic due to all the emergency care
and injections they have received.
Though often overlooked,
it can never be stressed how important it is to report
any and all adverse event your ferret,or any pet, may
have to medication. Unlike with humans, there is no legal
requirement for veterinarians to report adverse events.
It has been reported that some veterinarians who have
attempted to contact the FDA, have been given a slew
of different numbers to contact to report the event,
only to end of back to the same number where they started.
Another obstacle is figuring out which form(s) to complete
and where to send them.
Any and all adverse
events should be made to the actual drug manufacturer.
It is also highly recommended, that the events be reported
to the correct government agencies responsible for collecting
the information and following up. Through these reports,
the manufacturer can access whether the drug needs to
be reformulated, modify route of administration, modify
how the drug should be given, determine any contraindications,
etc. The reporting procedure does not change if the drug
is used off-label (most drugs for animal use are), or
is a human drug (a large percentage is).
The US Food and Drug
Administration Center for Veterinary Medicine has published
a brochure explaining the Adverse
Drug Event Reporting System and why participation
is important. Available for download.
Below you will find
additional information on how to report adverse drug
Center for Veterinary Medicine
IMPORTANT: The identities
all persons and animals is held in strict confidence
by FDA and protected to the fullest extent of the
law. The reporter's identity may be shared with the
manufacturer or distributor unless requested otherwise.
However, FDA will not disclose the reporter's identity
to a request from the public, pursuant to the Freedom
of Information Act.
| Center for Veterinary Biologics
The Center for Veterinary Biologics
regulates veterinary biologics (vaccines, bacterins,
antisera, diagnostic kits, and other products of
biological origin) to ensure that the veterinary
biologics available for the diagnosis, prevention,
and treatment of animal diseases are pure, safe,
potent, and effective.
Biologics: Vaccines, Bacterins and Diagnostic
US Department of Agriculture
Applied External Parasiticides
US Environmental Protection Agency
- Ferret's normal rectal temperature is between 100 - 104 with 101.9 being the average.
- Heart rate is 180 - 250 bpm with 225 being average.
- Respiration is 33-36 per minute.
- Normal urine pH is 6.5 - 7.5
- Blood volume is 60-80 ml/ kg.
- Ferrets do possess toxoplasmosis in
their systems. However, unlike cats they cannot release/
shed the infected eggs back into the environment, they
hit a dead end, so humans cannot catch the disease.